Useful information on chain lifting tackle

1. Legal basis

The following German and European standards and regulations apply when using hoisting chains:

  • EU Directive 98/37/EC Equipment and Product Safety Act (GPSG)
  • BGR 500-2.8
  • EN 818
  • EN 1677

Legal regulations for small hoisting chains

2. Marking

Only hoisting chains that meet the relevant DIN/EN standard and are marked accordingly may be used in hoisting applications.

Hoisting chains - example standards and quality classes:

Chain standards for small hoisting chains

Example of a correctly-marked EN 818 single-strand hoisting chain in quality class 8.

KZA example

  1. Maximum chain lifting capacity
  2. Nominal diameter of chain used
  3. Designation for the number of chain strands (here: single-strand)
  4. Chain symbols
  5. Unique identification number, corresponds to certificate of compliance
  6. Manufacturer time or mark
  7. CE marking

3. Hoisting chain versions

Hoisting chains are available as 1-strand to 4-strand chain hangers as well as an endless chain sling.

4. Proper use

High-strength hoisting chains (quality class 8; please refer to manufacturer's specifications for quality classes 10 and 12) can be used at temperatures of -40°C to +200°C. Hoisting chains may be used at temperatures of up to +400°C provided allowances are made for the reduction in lifting capacity.

Note: Always observe the permitted ambient temperatures when using a combination of different lifting tackle.

The hoisting chain is the only piece of lifting tackle that can be used around a sharp edge without any edge protection provided that a 20% reduction in lifting capacity is observed, or the next size up of nominal chain thickness is used. Edge protection must be used in all other circumstances. A sharp edge constitutes an edge whose radius "r" is smaller than the nominal thickness "d" of the hoisting chain. Refer to the lifting capacity charts or identification tag for the lifting capacity of hoisting chains.

Important: It must not be hoisted at angles of inclination exceeding 60°. The forces that are exerted above this angle of inclination are not permitted.

Important: It must not be hoisted at angles of inclination exceeding 60°. The forces that are exerted above this angle of inclination are not permitted.

5. Safety note

The chain must be checked for any obvious defects before use.

Correctly-straightened hoisting chainIncorrectly-straightened hoisting chain

Twisted chains must be straightened out before use.

Note: Use a swivel adapter to avoid twisted chains.

Incorrect hang-off head crane hookCorrect hang-off head crane hook

The crane hook tip must not be used as the suspension point.

Damaged hoisting chains must never be used (BGR 500)

Mixing chain components of different quality classes is not permitted.

6. Check

The prescribed hoisting chain checks are governed by BGR 500. Maintenance work my only be carried out by trained and qualified personnel in accordance with BGR 500 2.8.

Examples of irreparable wear:

Completely worn hoisting chains

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