New seminar programme

Load restraint seminar for heavy goods and large volume transport at haulage firm Timmerhaus in Oberhausen.

Is miserliness sexy? As a result of an incorrectly understood compulsion to save costs, each expensive product and transport damage and numerous accidents occur, some with substantial personal injuries. The experts agree: It is not incorrect or worn out tools and restraints that were the cause of most accidents and damage, but rather the lack of know-how of the users.

This is precisely where Evers GmbH picks up. As a complete provider for lifting, securing, conveying and packing, Evers not only has a comprehensive product range but also passes on the corresponding know-how. The new, extensive seminar concept focuses on the latest rules and regulations for safe use of most most widely available equipment and restraints. The content of the seminars is based on everyday work and they are therefore a practically-oriented aid. The special in-house seminars held by Evers on the users' own premises are particularly efficient. Here the trainers work together with the users to draw up solutions tailored to the specific task. The theory learned is immediately applied to the real product during the seminar. The complete seminar programme can be viewed under www.eversgmbh.de or requested in print form.

Focus on load restraint
Each year, badly secured loads causes millions worth of damage on Germany's motorways. The main causes of this are, among other things, time pressures and high traffic volume, but also a certain amount of superficiality of the persons involved regarding load restraint. It is still not unusual to come across the incorrect assumption that a heavy load is secured by its own weight alone. Each year, this fatal false assessment causes immense personal injuries and damage to property and keeps both the insurance companies and the courts busy. The fact is: Even the smallest braking or diversionary manoeuvres develop enormous forces. Especially in heavy goods transport, unplanned driving manoeuvres often have serious consequences.

Practical seminar on site at the haulage firm Timmerhaus in Oberhausen
The Oberhausenser haulage firm Timmerhaus Transporte und Containerdienst GmbH (www.timmerhaus-spedition.de) has an extensive, modern fleet with different special vehicles with above standard length and width. The company operates in national and international long-distance transport and is also a specialist for large, heavy and tricky transport tasks.

On the search for the "right" load restraint seminar, the Oberhausener haulage firm Timmerhaus turned to Evers GmbH. The schedulers and drivers were to be brought up-to-date regarding heavy and large volume load transport and the corresponding load restraint. The course was to be held on site on the company's premises.

The advantage of practically oriented in-house seminars is that they are tailored to the relevant focal area. A practical seminar focussing on drinks or paper transport is not much use to a heavy goods driver or dispatcher. Prior to the one day technical seminar, Christoph Bergforth, managing director of Evers GmbH and since 1993 lecturer for user seminars, precisely discussed and agreed the aspects of quality assurance, the objectives of the seminar, the seminar content and the agenda for the day with the haulage firm Timmerhaus.

Seminar schedule

Quality assurance:
Quality assurance pays. Whatever applies to normal haulage work is particularly valid for heavy goods and large volume transport. Through well-trained and equipped drivers, transport runs explicitly planned and drawn up in advance, transport vehicles adapted and equipped for each specific job, verifications of calculated and checked load restrain on site and a standardised departure check by the driver before starting their transport run, costs are saved, trouble is avoided and safety is increased.

Objective:
The seminar attendees learn how to properly handle lashing equipment and how to calculate the necessary lashing capacities. In addition, the requirements for selection of transport vehicles adapted and equipped for specific orders will be taught. In view of undamaged goods and lack of personal injuries and property damage on the transport route, avoidance of unnecessary discussions with controlling authorities (because the complete documents are available and proper load restraint is verified), avoidance of fins, improvement in time management and shortening of stoppage times, the investment in load restraint and training pays and contribute to the company's higher profitability.

Theoretical part of the seminal:
An important component of the theoretical part of the seminar was the required permits and approvals and their significance in heavy and large volume transport, preparation of a load distribution plan, requirements for the accompanying vehicle, loading capacity of lashing points and vehicle bodies, legal basis and physical principles, types of load restraint, calculation of the forces, proper use and material selection and assessment of the discard criteria.

Practical part of the seminar:
The freshly learned theoretical knowledge was then directly applied to different heavy goods vehicles on the haulage firm's site. Together with the seminar attendees, the trainers draw up simple and cost-effective methods for efficient load restraint for heavy loads. For example, by anchoring a lashing chain to a caterpillar excavator with a "double U", the lashing capacity was doubled from 8000 daN to 16000 daN.

The haulage firm Timmhaus has specialised, among other things, in the transport of large construction machines. The following problem occurs: Although specified in the EC Machinery Directive, most machines lack suitable lashing points to which the available restraint equipment can be attached. An improvised solution is used, for example, the lashing chains are hung into the caterpillar tracks of the excavator. This can be frequently seen on German roads. Apart from the fact that with the lashing hooks hung in the caterpillar track from the outside the maximum width of the trailer specified in the permit is exceeded by the famous five centimetres, this attachment point does not withstand extreme loads. The best lashing equipment in the world is no good if it can't be properly connected to the load. Within the scope of the practical part of the seminar the trainers drew up the following alternatives together with the seminar attendees:

 Encircling the caterpillar track carrier with an chain sling: This piece of chain can be pushed through the smallest hole, is resistant to sharp edges with a corresponding working load limit reduction of 20% and can be closed to form an endless chain sling using a shortening claw. The lashing chain is hung into this endless chain sling.
 Even heavy construction machines can be effectively secured towards the front using the now established head lashings.

Regarding the topic of load distribution, the trainers and seminar attendees discussed that the often expressed requirement to position the load at the end face or swan's neck of the low loader in order to be able to more easily secure it there makes correct load distribution on the vehicle virtually impossible. What has already usually led to overloading of the driving axle of the tractor unit of the standard curtainsider, has even more extreme effects on heavy transport. An in-depth discussion was held on the importance of load distribution before load restraint. Once the basic knowledge has been acquired, correct load distribution based on the known maximum allowable axle loads of tractor unit and trailer can be easily calculated.

Each course attendee was given the opportunity to deepen and extend their own knowledge through every-day examples. The attendees secured the load themselves in order to receive direct, sound assessment and additional tips from the trainers. Together, the trainers and seminar attendees drew up a quality procedure for load restraint, which became part of haulage firm Timmerhaus' quality management system. It was important to word the instruction simply, clearly and understandably, so that it would be accepted by all parties involved.

Final test:
After the practical part, each seminar attendee was capable of performing proper large volume and heavy transport tasks. A comprehensive written final test followed to consolidate and check what the attendees had learned. The learning success was enormous. All attendees were able to receive the certificate of competence for load restraint in heavy goods and large volume transport.

The topic of load restraint requires intensive examination, practical application, permanently acquisition of experience and constant implementing of the acquired knowledge. Seminars on the topic of load restraint do not guarantee freedom from penalties or points on driving licences. But they do have a preventive effect and therefore protect all parties involved through the technical knowledge acquired. The trainers recommend repeating the seminar after approx. three years. In the refresher seminar what has been forgotten is refreshed and it is important to learn the latest rules, regulations and findings.

As load restraint is a "liability sensitive" topic, new solutions and knowledge are very important for efficient load restraint. New systems and methods are permanently being developed for the different goods and vehicles. If the legal side is implemented, it is advisable to comply with the load restraint regulations and rules and in case of doubt it is better to do too much than too little.

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